08 Dec Houses made of container: history, benefits, projects
Container as a view of premises, are interested in more than half a century ago. But then, they were used mainly as cover for military and refugees. During the hostilities in the Persian Gulf sea containers came into circulation for the transportation of prisoners, and that they should not choked, began to cut holes in the boxes for air. After some time, maritime and freight containers have been used in everyday life. And, of course, such structures could not come to mind designers and architects who have been “exploiting” them in various projects and performances.
Adam Kalkin, american teacher of English language and the architect, one of the first to take to the idea of home container. Driving once again by the sea port, he noted that the steel structures will be an excellent basis for a residential building. And soon he had made the shine in your custom brainchild of life, are built from containers such as government offices, entertainment centers and homes for disadvantaged citizens. The most famous project – Adriance-house.
Today, this type of construction have already gained popularity as designers, celebrities and ordinary people in the United States, Japan and many European countries.
It might seem that on the background of old architectural buildings and modern skyscrapers, containers and minimalistic look too undignified. And some people sometimes call this design “cans”, referring to the origin of some of them. But despite the criticism, container type house yet proven themselves on the positive side.
-the minimal when compared with the construction of an ordinary house, the financial costs. The low cost container turned and continues to turn them into a kind of shelter for the poor. And for university graduates – a great version of their “first” home.
-environmental factor. For environmentalists and fans of eco-houses, container building will present outlet. Often, for the construction of the house uses the containers are already out of production, significantly reducing chemical emissions.
-home container type can be built in areas with different climates. The steel shell of the container will not damage or dry weather, or extreme cold or snowfall.
-mobile transportation. You can quickly mount such a house and move to another location.
-simplicity and speed of “assembly”. Work on the installation of container construction companies rarely take more than a month.
-containers running well tolerated by natural disasters (floods, earthquakes, hurricanes).
-home can be built on rolling hills and plains, forest, desert, or even on the tree. Dimensions Square will not matter: the containers are equally easy to install on a narrow and wider area.
-containers running can do without foundations. Such a building suitable hard packed dirt of the surface.
-universality. Designs can be for personal or public use (stay), as well as extensions or add-ons to the basic part. And if the terrain allows, you can equip a garage or utility room not far from the central building.
-design that will stand out from the usual types of buildings.
And finally I would like to talk about several projects houses of container that have been successfully implemented in different parts of the world.
House-container in the Mojave Desert
House containers can be built in any terrain, even that which, at first sight, for it is not intended. Company «Ecotech Design» was able to build a house of container in the Mojave Desert. He is considered one of the first with the “extraordinary” location. For the construction of six containers were involved, and its total area is 2300 square feet.
Visually, the house resembles an art object, suddenly in the middle of the desert. It’s pretty well lit, and combines the room and outdoor area.
This facility – the perfect project “economical” housing, which, in our opinion, will continue to become more popular.
But the British company «Urban Space Management» decided not to be limited to one house, and under the state program of development of architecture built from a whole range of containers – Container City. According to its principle town reminiscent of the designer Lego: all the houses can be quickly assembled and disassembled quickly, transported them to another part of the city or even beyond.
The first work on the construction of Container City was completed in 2001. Then it could fit about a dozen offices, living quarters, parking space. The next year was completed another area, the center of which were placed the two towers, which served as attachment for hanging the “street” – the bridge to all containers of the city. Although the complex is presented in a fairly urban style, apparently, he made a rather vivid colors and stands out against the background of “sullen” London weather.
All containers are equipped with bedroom, bathroom and a kitchen with necessary appliances. And also all the houses have balconies with specially designated areas for recreation. And the most important advantage of the complex container Container City – to any of the containers can be extended further, and get an additional room.
Exhibition Pavilion for the brand «Tommy Hilfinger» (Berlin)
We have already mentioned that the container building is very fast to install. But the architects of the company «Artdepartment-Berlin» managed to do the impossible. They have mounted a pavilion for brand «Tommy Hilfinger», presented at the exhibition «Breat & Butter», in just a week!
On the first day of the placement of containers carried and their consolidation. Another 3 days spent on construction and installation of two additional floors. In the last 3 days of the work carried out interior decoration and placement.
The building consists of several united together, cargo containers, and takes an unusual geometry. Appearance of the exhibition center – the walls painted with bright graphics.